Different methods of sexual and asexual methods of reproduction in fungi - Medlepius

Fungi are Heterotrophs but they are special as compared to the animals because animals are ingestive hetero-tropes where as fungi are absorptive hetero-tropes they have chitin in their cell wall and such that so lets come to out topic that is sexual and asexual reproduction in fungi

So fungi reproduces sexually as well as asexually so these are some of the common methods by which fungi reproduces are as following

  • spores 
  • conidia
  • fragmentation 
  • budding 

One of the method through which fungi reproduces asexually are by the spore formation such that spores are formed with the sporangium that is cut of from a complete hyphae such that spores are produces in a very large amount they do not need water for their dispersal they can be dispersed easily by other method such as by wind by animals by human activities by insects and birds coming for nectar by water splashing and by other many means these are some of the activities through which spores are spread they are very resistant to many of the environmental conditions so they an survive for weeks without decaying and without any kind of desiccation

They are special structure through which fungi also reproduces asexually they are formed inside conidiophore not inside the sporangium conidiophore are formed by cutting of from the modified hyphae so like the spores they are also produced in very large number and can be dispersed by many of the methods such as by wing by water by rain by water splashing by human activities by insect activities by birds and many more they are also very resistant and can survive unto many weeks till decaying

So fungi can also reproduces through the fragmentation such that in this the fungi can grow any of its cut part it is defined as the regeneration on cut of part such as in planaria and many other organisms and fungi can also reproduce by the fragmentation

Fungi can also reproduces through budding in which apart of a small bud is formed on any side of the body and that may separated any time from the body and can fully grow into an adult such that more than one bud can be formed at a time  
On the basis of sexual reproduction there are several group into which the fungi are divided that are as following

  • zygomycota 
  • ascomycota 
  • basidomycota 
  • deuteromycota 

In this group pf fungi fusion of nucleus takes place after the fusion of cytoplasm and their is no lengthy dikaryotic phase 

Ascomycota and Basidomycota
In these two groups the fusion of nucleus does not take place after the combination of the cytoplasm and their is length dikartotic phase such that in them two nuclei of different genetic material coexist with each other

In this group of fungi there is no sexual reproduction there may be any kind of sexual reproduction but is not found yet but they reproduces by a way known as the parasexuallity and asexually they reproduce by conidia


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