nutrition and reproduction in bacteria

hi
hope well thanks for your great support in my previous segments of this blog so in this segment of the blog i would like to talk about two things related to bacteria that reproduction and nutrition in bacteria and the thing if you want to know anything related to biology so please let me know in the comment section and i would every single bit of knowledge on that so before talking about reproduction and nutrition in bacteria i would generally describe bacteria so
                                         SO LETS START 
bacteria
             so bacteria are living organism that are prokaryotic such that they dont have a distinct nucleus and some of them causes disease to humans and some of them are beneficial to humans they do not have a nucleus instead they had nuclear material in the center and is known as the nucleoid  they usually cell membrane some of them have a cell wall ribosomes sand a very limited number of organelle some of them have capsule slime pilli flagella the smallest bacteria is largest than the largest virus this is the reason they can not pass through filter paper whereas virus do you can find about virus in precious segment of this blog 
                            nutrition in bacteria 
 nutrition is defined as sum total of the process of taking material into the body and by using that material for their body needs so bacteria can obtain their food in various ways some of them are 
SAPROPHYTIC BACTERIA 
such type of bacteria that obtain their food through organic material are known as the saprophytic bacteria such that they obtain organic material from soil because soil is rich of organic matter in the form ho hums humus id formed by the partial decay of organic matter such type of bacteria have strong enzyme system such that they release enzyme out of their body break down the organic matter more simple to either takes the organic matter in to thire body all of such bacteria have strong enzyme system due to digestion of organic matter they plan an important role as decompose-rs of the ecosystem 
PARASITIC BACTERIA
sch typpe of bacteria that obtain their food through some other organism that belong to some other species is know as tje parasitic bacteria such bacteria can be inside of their host or outside of the host body such that they are of two types that are
obligate parasite the type of parasite that can only live within their host and cannot live outside in the provided medium are known as the obligate parasite
facultative parasite the type of parasite that can live both inside their host  as well as the provided outside medium are known as the facultative parasite
AUTOTROPHIC BACTERIA 
they are of two types that are
PHOTOSYNTHETIC BACTERIA 
CHEMOSYNTHETIC BACTERIA 
photosynthetic bacteria
                         the type of autotrophic bacteria that can prepare their own food through photosynthesis are known a the photosynthetic bacteria such that they also have chlorophyll but their chlorophyll is not like the chlorophyll of the plants that are in the chloroplast such their chlorophyll is in their cytoplasm their use water as a hydrogen source and produces carbohydrate along with the sulpher gas examples are purple sulpher bacteria purple non sulpher bacteria
chemosynthetic bacteria 
     the type of bacteria that can prepare their own food through different organic compounds are known as the chemosynthtic bacteria 
                                  reproduction in bacteria 
 such that bacteria reproduces by asexual process known as the binary fission in which one mother bacteria divides into two daughter bacteria such that both of the daughter bacteria have equal no of cytoplasm and genetic material such that the genetic material changes into chromosomes in the mother bacteria and a single centriole divides into two than both of these centrioles migrates to thee opposite poles and release spindle fibers the spindle fibers breaks the two chromosomes into two daughter chromatids that than goes to their opposite poles than the cytoplasm begins to divide sand than the cell start to break from the center an a single cell divides into two with equal genetic material and cytoplasm growth in bacteria have fore phases that are
log phase in which no growth takes place in them the bacteria prepare for the division 
lag phase in this phase the bacteria divides rapidly 
stationary phase in this phase the death becomes equal to new born bacteria
decline phase in this phase bacteria began to die 
                            THANKS FOR READING
  
 
 

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